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SOCIAL ISSUES IN THE PLAYS OF MAHESH DATTANI The plays of Mahesh Dattani emerged as -fresh arrival’ in the domain of Indian English drama in the last decade of the twentieth century. His plays deal with contemporary issues. They are plays of today sometimes as actual as to cause controversy, but at the same time they are plays which embody many of the classic concerns of world drama. I have selected -Tara’, Seven Steps Around the Fire, on a Muggy Night in Mumbai -Bravely Fought the Queen’ and -Final solutions,’ to study the contemporary values in these plays. 1.2 : JUSTIFICATION Dattani’s plays have a universal appeal. They can be staged anywhere in the world, they would draw full attention of the audience. Dattani moulds his subject in such a way that it is both topical as well as appealing. His plays speak across linguistic and cultural barriers. Dattani makes an abundant use of Indian mythology, rituals and traditions and contemporary problems, India is beset with but he elevates these themes to a higher level, touching the human chords that emanate love, happiness, sexual fulfilment and problem of identity. Though he lives in Karnataka, he writes about the whole nation of India, about the whole world he lives in. It is in the fitness of things that we must make an attempt at evaluating the play wright’s thematic concerns as well as his exploration of, and experimentation with stage. 1.3 : MAHESH DATTANI : HIS LITERARY ACHIEVEMENTS Mahesh Dattani was born in Bangalore on August, 7, 1958. He is the famous Indian English dramatist. He took admission in Baldwin’s High School and St. Joseph’s college of Arts and Science, Bangalore. He is a graduate in History, Economics and Political Science. He is a Postgraduate in Marketing and Advertising Management. He worked as a copy writer in an advertising firm and later on with his father in the family business. Dattani’s theater group-Play pen was formed in 1984. He made his directional debut with Mango Souffle. He has directed many plays for them ranging from classical Greek to contemporary works. Over a carrier spanning twenty five years he has written radio plays for the BBC and the film script of Ek Alag Mousam. Plays- (i) Tara (ii) On a Muggy Night in Mumbai (iii) Where There’s a Will (iv) Dance like a Man (v) Bravely Fought the Queen (vi) Final solutions. Mahesh Dattani received the prestigious Sahitya Akademi Award for his contribution to Indian Drama in 1998. The International Herald Tribune while praising Mahesh Dattani praised him as –One of Indian’s best and most serious contemporary play wrights writing in English.” Mahesh Dattani is India’s first play-wright to be awarded the -Sahitya Akadami Award’ for his contribution to the world of drama. Alyque Padamsee calls him one of the most serious contemporary play wrights. There are two published texts of Dattani’s plays-one a collection of plays while the other one is in parts. Recently his plays have been collected in a single volume called -Collected Plays’ published by Penguin. Alyque Padamee says, –At last we have a play wright who gives sixty million English speaking Indians an identity.” Mahesh Dattani is one of the famous Indian-English dramatists. He has successfully launched the Indian theater in English. In many of his plays, he deals with various issues like homosexuality, gender discrimination, communalism and child sexual abuse. In an interview -Personal Agenda’ Published in Branch on March 21, 2004 Dattani said, –The love of my life is drama and I want to write more plays.” His most distinguishing quality is wide range of themes that he deals with in his writings. Dattani’s plays are written for the stage. It is the visual quality and dramatic effect which are of paramount importance. Dattani shapes his subject in such a way that is both-topical as well as appealing. Alyque Padamsee assisted Mahesh Dattani in building his self-esteem and helped him in securing regular audience for his plays. As Mahesh Dattani points out in his preface –Alyaque believed in my work even before I believed in it myself. He gave me courage to call myself a professional playwright and director. In 1998, Dattani won the Sahitya Akademi Award for his book of plays. Final solutions and other plays were published by East-West Books, Chennai. According to the Sahitya Akademi Award, –(Dattani’s work) probes tangled attitudes in contemporary India towards communal differences, consumerism and genera brilliant contribution to Indian drama in English.” His plays deal with religious tension, sexuality and gender issue. Alyque Padamsee calls him one of the –most serious contemporary playwrights” Dattani takes issues that afflict societies the world over. He has chronicled the social victim and the follies, foibles and prejudices of Indian society. Some of Dattani’s plays are eloquent defences of society’s out casts and would be rebels. These plays include -On a Muggy Night in Mumbai,’ a compassionate look at the life and tensions of a homosexual community tricked away in Mumbai. -Both On a Muggy Night in Mumbai’ and -Do the Needful’ are probably the first Indian plays to boldly deal with the subject of homosexuality. The play -Final Solutions’ is about partition. It reveals how the engendered suspicion only deepens from generation to generation. The plays of Mahesh Dattani emerged as -fresh arrival’ in the domain of Indian English drama in the last decade of the 20th century. The plays have a great -contemporary value.’ According to John Mc Rae. –They are plays of today, sometimes as actual as to cause controversy, but at the same time, they are plays which embody many of the classic cancens of world drama.” Mahesh Dattani’s plays are revelatory in nature. If, in -Where There’s a will,’ it is the ghost not of Hasmukh Mehta but of his father that has to be recognised in -Dance like a Man’. In -Bravely Fought the Queen,’ it is a host of issues that have to be revealed and faced from the homosexuality of certain characters. Dattani shows us the hollowness of middle class lives. His plays explore what lies below the facades characters and families front up to fool the world. The family in Dattani stands for society at large. Dattani’s characters search for security and acceptance, to be true to themselves. In Dattani’s world the socialisation process initiated in the family unit has its aim the stunted growth of a bousaitres. The prominent theme of Mahesh Dattani’s later plays is homosexuality. Homosexuality is dealt with in -Bravely Fought the Queen’, -Where There’s a will,’ and – Dance Like a Man.’ Another important theme of Mahesh Dattanis’s plays in Gender Identity. -Bravely Fought the Queen’ foregrounds this whole issue with its very title. Dattai raises these and a number of other questions regarding gender and social stratification and hierarchy and sexuality. The most significant feature of Dattani is, perhaps his use of langauge. The note to his very first play, -Where There’s Will’ reads as follows. -Should the play be need in classrooms, I sincerely wish that English language teachers will not dismiss my syntax as bad English’ or worse still as incorrect, while knowledge of the rules of grammar is important, the richness and variety of the spoken word is a study in itself.” The past and the present both co-exist, and while the past has fashioned the present, the present helps the characters to re-read the past. Dattani’s stage techniques are aimed at making the audience intimate with the life of a family, its trials and trilantations and debilitating secrets. Dattani exercises great care in ensuring through his detailed stage direction that reader and potential directors understand all this. This division of the stage allows clearly demarcated space for certain characters, or time periods, as well as for different locales. C.K. Meena says, in an article on Dattani, –Unmasking the Middle class : The Drama of Mahesh Dattani” (Indian Review of Books, Vol., N. 6 1999), that this distribution of –the action among different levels on stage not only makes his plays visually exciting landmark but more at a snappy pace.” Mahesh Dattani defends his use of English as spoken by people in India and also goes on to make another serious statement. He says that his characters –would love to speak in Gujarati” and his challenge as a writer is to convey their Gujaratiness without distortion in English. Dattani’s characters speak the kind of English that most middle class Indians do. He also uses Indian English with great confidence and captures the rhythms of the spoken English. 1.4 : RESEARCH METHODOLOGY I have resolved to do research on the dramas of Mahesh Dattani : -Tara’, -Bravely fought the Queen’, -Final solutions’, -on a Muggy Night in Mumbai’ and -Seven steps Around The Fire.’ I shall take recourse to the following methods. 1. The study of various literary journals published in India and abroad incorporated in the corpus of the bibliography. 2. The study of various News-Papers in English in India and Abroad. 3. The analysis of each drama after close scrutiny.?

CHAPTER DIVISION

1.CHAPTER-1 INTRODUCTION

Health Insurances

The economic recession is making the need for health insurance stronger than ever. Most Americans are aware of the fact that senior citizens need coverage since they experience illnesses more often than younger people. Still, young students need health insurance just as much as anyone else. Without adequate coverage, young people and their families face the risk of financial ruin.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, 85 percent of Americans have some form of coverage. The vast majority have health insurance through their jobs. Recent job losses have caused some families to cut back on their health insurance or risk going without it all together. In some cases, parents will try to cut costs by covering themselves but not their children. They do this since children and teens are less likely to develop chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and cancer. This is a big mistake.

It is important to keep in mind that children need continuous health care throughout their formative years. They will have to see a physician several times a year from infancy until their teen years. This will include their routine check-ups for vaccinations, and appointments to chart their growth and development. Furthermore, there will be many unexpected trips to the doctor when children are injured in accidents or become ill.

Auto Insurances

Over the years, the technology used to calculate car insurance premiums has changed dramatically. Actuaries used to figure out premium levels by hand using books of statistical data. Later, adding machines and early computers ground through the numbers. More recently, online forms were invented which allowed you to get a quote online.

After all that time grinding things out, what most insurers and consumers wanted was speed. As a result, the current model for most traditional or mainline insurance companies in Australia consists of just a few questions. With these tiny points of data, a quote is generated based on aggregated consumer averages.

The result is a fast quote, but not a very accurate one. Most people dont notice that they are being treated as averages. They simply pay the quoted amount and pay rate increases even if they are accident free. However, you dont have to settle for this outdated and inaccurate system any more.

Insurances

Several men and women are ready to give up before they even start shopping for well being insurance. There are quite a few plans accessible, all with different possibilities, that can become quite tricky to the average person. Luckily there are experts that might assist you. Read the assistance in this editorial for help on acquiring wellness insurance.

Take benefit of any wellness programs supplied by each your workplace & your health insurance company. Each of these could reward you in diverse methods, such as your workplace providing a cash-incentive for completing an exercise program, or your insurance company lowering your premiums in case you follow a quit-smoking 1. These offers are rare, however beneficial.

A superb wellness insurance tip that might save you a whole lot of money, is to limit how much exposure you are getting to the sun. Seriously, by limiting how much exposure you’re getting to the sun, you’ll save a considerable amount of revenue by preventing a great deal of physician visits in the future. This will bring your wellness insurance down.

Auto Insurances

Are you seeking out facts about the Limu Company? Has someone, maybe someone within your family or a close friend, told you concerning the Limu seaweed products and home business opportunity?

You will be wondering if perhaps the Limu scam claims are valid. Stop finding and continue studying this article as this is the most prominent article you’ll examine over the subject.

The Limu Company is a multi-level marketing business that was established by Gary Raser in 2004. Being formed in 2004 is a superb sign as this business has transpired the five year mark. Most agencies do not make it passed the two year mark so this is an excellent sign and also in favor of this unique business proving that it isn’t a scam organization.

Auto Insurances

To find auto insurance can be one incredibly difficult things for new drivers in these times with the condition of the environment. It is even harder if you’re a new driver and searching for teen motor insurance quotes. In order to help cut back money on car insurance teenage and new drivers should handle a to be able to get cheap teen online car usa auto insurance insurance quotes.

In order to have a quick go-through of auto detailing cost sheet, let us divide expenses to society into two domains, namely the interior detailing costs and outside auto detailing prices.

Your’ policy limits appear to be this on your’ Dec sheet 25/50/15. This makes sure that the policy will pay $25,000.00 per person for bodily accidental injuries. $50,000.00 per accident for bodily injury and $15,000.00 per accident for damage to property.

Life Insurances

Don’t tell your stockbroker or mutual fund company, but the cash value portion of equity index linked universal life insurance (IUL) policies can be used to replicate a diversified portfolio, with lower cost and less volatility. James Garfinkel, founder and CEO of New Amsterdam Life has been extolling the virtues of equity Indexed universal life insurance for years, however it wasn”t until the recent market downturn that demand for these products really exploded. “People are gravitating to products that can deliver above-average returns with lower risk,” observes Mr. Garfinkel.
Model stock portfolio returns are based on always being in the market, and consistently buying, even in times of market turmoil. The reality is most of us are not always in the market and we typically sell during a financial crisis rather than buy, and then we buy after the market is “safe” — sacrificing much of the upside of a post-crisis bounce.
Is it any wonder your portfolio performance doesn’t match up to your fund company’s model?
IUL policies are linked to the performance of a specific index, like the S&P 500, so that if the index is up over a one-year period, the account will be credited a corresponding percentage up to a cap, currently in the range of 12% to 20%. If the index is down, the account will be guaranteed a certain base, or floor, usually zero to 2%. The policy does not directly participate in the market.
The combination of the cap and floor reduce volatility as opposed to owning the basket of stocks outright. Furthermore, there are no additional management or account fees.
While the S&P 500 is the most popular index, carriers provide the possibility of exposure to the S&P MidCap 400, Dow Jones Industrial Average, NASDAQ 100, Russell 2000, Dow Jones EURO STOXX 50, Hang Seng Index, commodity price indexes and others. Fixed-income exposure can also be added to the mix.
You can choose what portion of your cash value is allocated to any particular index, and how much is maintained in fixed income.
Further, you can choose to have your allocation made in equal monthly installments, so that you have a constant market exposure, as advisors suggest.
Books like The Investment Answer underscore that the best long-term performance is found in indexed funds, consistently invested and diversified, not in higher-cast actively-managed accounts.
IUL policies can provide such performance, along with tax-free internal cash value build-up, and, of course, death benefit protection that your beneficiaries will receive tax-free.
Try getting all that with your model portfolio…

Auto Insurances

It is not only the age of your car that affects the insurance quotes for the company, but there are also a number of other things that affects amount for car insurance; therefore it is really very important that you should do car insurance quotes comparison as it would let you know the difference between different insurance rates between different companies allowing you to take the right decision at the end.
Following are some of the factors that affect the car insurance quotes:

Good driving history
Good driving history is known to be one of the things that help you to get right car insurance quotes comparison wherever you go, and this is because the insurance company is aware of the fact that you are a sane driver therefore there are least chances of accident or anything else, therefore they would be looking forward to do business with you, as it seems to be more profitable to them, hence giving you extra discount as well!

Doing some safety driving courses
It would be highly beneficial for you if you have done some safety driving courses, as this shows that you are a driver that is a whole lot concerned when on roads and in traffic, and you won’t be doing anything stupid on the road, hence it adds another plus point when it comes to car insurance quotes comparison, hence the car insurance companies might give you a special quote based upon these courses.